One of the greatest writers of Spanish America, Jose Martí is revered not only as the father of modernist poetry, but also of the Cuban independence movement. His political activism fueled his writing, motivating him to produce poetry, political manifestos, speeches, and hundreds of articles and reviews for journals worldwide. He is considered a hero by many for his leadership of the nationalist forces in the Cuban war of independence, which eventually lead to his untimely death. His writings and political activism were based on strong personal beliefs of morality, independence, and patriotism, a combination that both his followers and readers have found compelling for over a hundred years.